Wood apple is one of the common names of an edible fruit from several trees, mainly belonging to genus Limonia acidissima L. (synonyms: Feronia limonia syns. Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Spiny deciduous tree to 20m tall. Foliage: Leaves alternate, compound, imparipinnate, with dark green leaflets, rachis. Wood apple is an erect, slow-growing tree with a few upward-reaching branches bending outward near the summit where they are subdivided.
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Limonia acidissima is the only species within the monotypic genus Limonia.
Common names for the species in English include wood-apple and elephant-apple. The flowers are white and have five petals.
It has a very hard rind which can be difficult to crack open, it appears greenish-brown in colour from outside and contains sticky brown pulp and small white seeds. The fruit looks similar in appearance to the Bael fruit Aegle marmelos.
India Biodiversity Portal
A number of other species formerly included in the genus are now treated in the related genera AtalantiaCitropsisCitrusGlycosmisLuvungaMurrayaMicrocitrusMicromelumNaringiAcidiesimaPleiospermiumSeveriniaSkimmiaSwingleaand Triphasia. Limonia acidissima is native to India and Sri Lanka.
The fruit is used to make a fruit juice with astringent properties and jams. Ripe fruit can be used as “aachar” smashed with green chilly, sugar and salt only.
Another species of this fruits are considered auspicious to be offered to Shiva and Ganesha in pujas. A majority of Hindu temples will have a sacred tree within its compound and is known as the sthala vriksha.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Limonia acidissima Scientific classification Kingdom: Retrieved 1 August Rutaceae and acidissoma Its Rejection as a nomen ambiguum “.
Limonia acidissima L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved from ” https: Uses authors parameter Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.
Limonia acidissima – efloraofindia