Learn how to use JiBX to convert XML to Java POJOs and vice versa. In this tutorial, you’ll learn about using the new features of JiBX to generate XML schema definitions easily from existing Java code and to. JiBX Binding Tutorial. Companies are moving more and more towards service oriented architecture (SOA) and SOA services communicate with well formatted.

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Improve schema quality with custom conversion of Java data models to and from XML documents. But the complexity of its binding definitions and its limited support for increasingly widely used XML schema definitions have frustrated users at times.

In this tutorial, you’ll learn about using the new features of JiBX 1. Part 2 covers the flip side of starting from XML schema definitions and generating Java code. You’ll first see how to start with a simple Java data model and generate a default schema matching that model.

From that base, you’ll learn how you can easily apply kibx range of customizations to control the actual values used from your Java classes and how they’re accessed, whether they are required or optional, names and namespaces used in the XML, and even the generated schema definition’s structure.

Along the way, you’ll see how JiBX adds value to your generated schemas by leveraging your investment in Javadocs to document the schema definition automatically. After reading this tutorial and working through the tugorial examples, you will be able to use JiBX to generate quality XML schema definitions from your own Java data-structure classes. To understand this tutorial, you should have at least a basic knowledge of both Java code and XML.

You don’t need a detailed tutrial of XML schema definitions, but some familiarity with schema will help you understand the examples better.

What sets JiBX apart from the others are performance and flexibility features. JiBX performance consistently measures at the top end of the range, surpassing that of other common tools such as JAXB 2.

JiBX is also more flexible than almost all other Java-XML tools, using binding definitions to decouple the Java structure from the XML representation so that each can be changed independently of the other. You can use tools included in the JiBX release to generate a schema definition matching your Java code or to generate Java code matching your schema definition.

Either way, you also get a binding definition that lets you use JiBX to convert between the Java code and XML documents matching the schema definition. In this tutorial, you’ll see how to apply the first type of generation: You need to install JiBX before proceeding with this tutorial.

Download the latest 1. You’ll end up with a directory named jibx, which contains all the JiBX JARs, documentation, examples, tutorila even the source code.

Now download the tutorial sample codealso tutoriaal as a ZIP file. This should create a dwcode1 subdirectory in the jibx directory, with the example files including build. The sample code includes an Apache Ant build file to automate running the JiBX tools and handle the other steps involved in the examples.

If you install the sample code elsewhere, you can still use the Ant build. Alternatively, you can edit the build. The tutorial example code uses Java 5 typed collection and tutoriao features, but JiBX itself is fully compatible with older Java versions. The standard JiBX runtime works with 1.

Bind XML message to Java objects using JiBX – JiBX Binding Tutorial

The BindGen documentation in the JiBX download includes an example showing how customizations can supply BindGen with the equivalent of typed collections when you use pre-Java 5 code. You’ll learn how in this section. As an example, Yutorial start with the Java code for a set of bean-style private fields, public get and set access methods classes used to represent an order from an online store. The full sample code is in the sample code’s src directory. BindGen tool included in the jibx-tools.

You can run the tool directly from the command line or indirectly via a build tool such as Ant. The tutorial download includes an Ant build. To try this out, open a console in the dwcode1 directory of the installed download and type ant compile bindgen. If you have Ant installed on your system and have installed the download code according to the instructions, jibd should see output similar to that shown in Figure View image at full size.


You can also run BindGen directly from the console. To do this, you need to include jibx-tools.

If you want to duplicate the effect of the supplied Ant bindgen target, you also need to pass the root directory ttutorial the source files of your classes in the command line. Finally, you need to list the root class es you want used for generation. Many other options can be passed to BindGen from the command line. You’ll look into those later in the tutorial. Right now, let’s look at the generated schema.

Listing 2 shows the generated schema output from BindGen as starter.

Customizing JiBX binding behavior

The start tag for the schema definition matching each Java class is displayed in bold to emphasize the structure. By default, BindGen generates a schema with nested complexType and simpleType definitions for types that are used only once and separate definitions for types that are used more than once.

In this case, the nested style results in a schema with just three global definitions: The Address class is used in two places within the Order class for billing and shipping addresseswhich is why that class is represented by a separate global definition in the schema.

Schema allows you to reuse definitions only if they’re global. The other classes in the Java data structure CustomerItemand Shipping are each referenced at only one point in the Order class, so the corresponding type definitions are embedded directly within the order schema type definition. One of the nicer BindGen features is that it can generate schema documentation from Javadocs in the input classes. You can see the schema documentation in Listing 2 for each field with a Javadoc in Listing 1and for each global type corresponding to a class with a Javadoc.

Not all forms of Javadocs can be matched with schema components by BindGen’s default handling — and some Javadocs, such as those on “get” access methods, may look odd when converted to schema documentation — but the resulting schema documentation can be extremely useful for clarifying the proper use of the XML representation.

You can even define your own formatter class for Javadocs used as schema documentation, if you want to make some changes to the text in the process of conversion such as stripping “Get the This Javadoc conversion feature works only if you have the source code available for the classes and provide an argument to BindGen telling it the root directory path or paths.

In the command-line samples I provided earlier see Generating the default binding and schemathe source path is supplied as -s src.

That binding definition is actually the main output of BindGen, with the schema generated from the binding.

Binding definitions contain full details of the conversions to be done by JiBX, so they’re necessarily complex. Fortunately, you don’t need to understand the binding ttuorial in order to work with JiBX using BindGen binding and schema generation, so this tutorial doesn’t cover the details.

To use the generated binding definition in working with XML documents, you first need to run the JiBX binding compiler tool. The binding compiler adds bytecode to your compiled class files that actually implements the conversions to and from XML, as specified by the binding definition. You must run the binding compiler each time you recompile your Java classes or modify the binding definition, tytorial it’s generally best to add the binding compiler step jubx part of your project’s standard build process.

The binding compiler is included in the JiBX tutoria, as part of jibx-bind. The JiBX documentation provides full details about different ways to run the binding compiler, including how you can run it at run time rather than as part of the build. For this tutorial’s purposes, you’ll keep things simple and just run the binding compiler through Ant, using the build. Figure 2 shows the output that you should tutorizl when you run this target, assuming you’ve already run the compile and bindgen targets.

You can also run all three targets in sequence by listing them in order on the command line: Listing 3 shows a simple test document matching the generated schema, included in the tutorial’s code download as data. The download package also includes a simple gutorial program, shown here as Listing 4that demonstrates using JiBX for both unmarshalling and marshalling documents. Tutoriap is the process of generating an XML representation for an object in memory, potentially including objects linked from the original object.


Unmarshalling is the reverse process of marshalling, building an object and potentially a graph of linked objects in memory from an XML representation.

The Ant run target executes this test program, using the Listing 3 document as input and writing the marshalled copy of the document to a file named out. You can inspect the generated out. Aside from namespace declaration and attribute order and the added total attribute in the output computed and set by the test programthe two documents should be identical.

This won’t always be the case! Tutoeial, like most forms of data binding, works with only the “significant” data in the document, meaning those values being used by your application. Nonsignificant parts of the document such as whitespace within a start tutoriall end tag, text between elements, and comments are lost when you unmarshal a document. Part of the reason the input and output documents are so similar in this case is that the Listing 4 code sets the output jbix to use indentation of two spaces per element nesting level, matching the input document.

Java code to XML schema

Sharp observers will notice one difference between the input and output that seems significant, in the item-list portion of the output document, shown in Listing If you compare the line shown in bold in Listing 5 with the corresponding line in the Listing 3 uttorial document, you can see that the price has changed from 9.

This is not an error, though. The representation used for the price value is a tjtorialand in terms of both Java and XML schema, leading zeros before the decimal point and trailing zeros after the decimal point are not significant for a float. In this section, you’ll learn how to customize BindGen operation to control the XML representation of data, change the style of names and namespaces, and control some aspects of schema structure.

BindGen supports extensive customizations for all aspects of binding and schema generation. The set of customizations to be applied are passed to BindGen as an XML document, with nested elements that mirror the structure of your Java code. Listing 6 gives a simple example:. The nested structure is especially convenient because many customization attributes are inherited through the element nesting, as I’ll discuss later in this section.

A customization file is passed to BindGen as a command-line parameter, using the form -c file-path. Customizations are always optional, and you never need to use a customization file unless you want to change the default BindGen behavior.

BindGen does a reasonable job with its default handling of Java classes, but there are limits on what can be done without user guidance. For example, the default handling is to include every field in the XML representation except for static, transient, or final fields.

This approach works fine for classes that represent simple data objects; however, if your classes include state information or computed values, you might end up with an XML representation that includes values you’d rather not expose outside the class. Second, you can choose either to list the values you want to include in the XML representation for a class or to list the values you want to exclude.

The Listing 6 customizations demonstrate both these techniques. BindGen also supports generating one-way conversions, which can be tuyorial convenient in some cases. For instance, value object classes are generally immutable and define only final fields and read “get” tutorual methods.

JiBX: Bindings Tutorial

This makes value object classes difficult tuorial use for two-way conversions with BindGen. If you instead tell BindGen to generate an output-only conversion, it will happily work with either the fields or the properties, whichever you prefer.

This attribute is an example of an inherited customization setting, which applies to everything nested inside the element with the attribute.