Václav Havel was a Czech statesman, writer and former dissident, who served as the last .. Redevelopment, , (Asanace); The Pig, or Václav Havel’s Hunt for a Pig (Prase, aneb Václav Havel’s Hunt for a Pig), ; published in ;. : Asanace: Hra o pěti jednáních (Czech Edition) ( ) by Václav Havel and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible. the views expressed by Havel in his latest collection of essays and speeches, & I .. responsible for the sad state of this world’ (VaIclav Havel, Asanace.

Author: Gardara Meztijinn
Country: Maldives
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 26 December 2010
Pages: 405
PDF File Size: 4.8 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.93 Mb
ISBN: 346-6-91608-840-4
Downloads: 26214
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kilkis

As a writer of Czech literaturehe is known for his plays, essays, and memoirs. His educational opportunities having been limited by his bourgeois background, Havel first rose to prominence as a playwright.

After participating in the Prague Spring and being blacklisted after the invasion of Czechoslovakiahe became more politically active and helped found several dissident initiatives, including Charter 77 and the Committee for the Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted.

His political activities brought him under the surveillance of the secret police and he spent multiple stints in prison, the longest being nearly four years, between and Havel’s Civic Forum party played a major role in the Velvet Revolution that toppled communism in Czechoslovakia in He assumed the presidency shortly thereafter, and was re-elected in a landslide the following year and after Slovak independence in Many of haveel stances and policies, such as his opposition to Slovak independence, condemnation of the Czechoslovak treatment of Sudeten Germans after World War IIand granting asanae general amnesty to all those imprisoned under communism, were very controversial domestically.

As such, at the end of his presidency, he enjoyed greater popularity abroad than at home. Havel continued his life as a public intellectual after his presidency, launching several initiatives including the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism[3] [4] the VIZE 97 Foundation, and the Forum annual conference. Havel’s political philosophy was one of anti-consumerismhumanitarianismenvironmentalismcivil activismand direct democracy.

The — academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour.

Havel was born in Prague on 5 October [7] into a wealthy family celebrated in Czechoslovakia for its entrepreneurial and cultural accomplishments. In the early s, because of his class backgroundHavel entered into a four-year apprenticeship as a chemical laboratory assistant and simultaneously took evening classes at a gymnasium.

He completed his secondary education in asanzce For political reasons, he was not accepted into any post-secondary school with a humanities program; therefore, he opted for studies at the Faculty of Economics of the Czech Technical University in Prague but dropped out after two years. The intellectual tradition of his family was essential for Havel’s lifetime adherence to the humanitarian values of the Czech culture.

His first own full-length play performed in public, besides various vaudeville collaborations, was The Garden Party Presented in a series of Theatre of the Absurdat the Theatre on Balustrade, this play won him international acclaim. The play was soon followed by The Memorandumone of his best known plays, and The Increased Difficulty of Concentrationall at the Theatre on Balustrade.

The Public Theater continued to produce his plays in the following years. AfterHavel’s plays were banned hqvel the theatre world in his own country, and he was unable to leave Czechoslovakia to see any foreign performances of his works.

Václav Havel – Wikipedia

During the first week of the invasion of CzechoslovakiaHavel assisted the resistance by providing an on-air narrative via Radio Free Czechoslovakia station at Liberec. Following the suppression of the Prague Spring inhe was banned from the theatre and became more politically active.

His longest stay in prison, from May to February[17] is documented in letters to his wife that were later published as Letters to Olga. He was known for his essays, most particularly The Power of the Powerlessin which he described a societal paradigm in which citizens were forced to “live within a lie” under the communist regime.

We have been transformed into them, without quite knowing how, sometimes we have ended up in prison without precisely knowing how. We simply went ahead and did certain things that we felt we ought to do, and that seemed to us decent to do, nothing more nor less.

Samuel Beckett ‘s short play, Catastrophewas dedicated to Havel while he was held as a political prisoner in Czechoslovakia. He had long insisted that he was not interested in politics and had argued that political change in the country should be induced through autonomous civic initiatives rather than through the official institutions.


InCzechoslovakia held its first free elections in 44 yearsresulting in a sweeping victory for Civic Forum and its Slovak counterpart, Public Against Violence.

Between them, they commanded strong majorities in both houses of the legislature, and tallied the highest popular vote share recorded for a free election in the country. Havel retained his presidency. Despite increasing political tensions between the Czechs and the Slovaks inHavel supported the retention of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic prior to the dissolution of the country. Havel sought re-election in Although no other candidate filed, when the vote came on 3 July, he failed to get a majority due to a lack of support from Slovak deputies.

The largest Czech political party, the Civic Democratic Partylet it be known that it would not support any other candidate. After the Slovaks issued their Declaration of Independence, he resigned as President on 20 July, saying that he would not preside over the country’s breakup. However, when the Czech Republic was created as one of two successor states, he stood for election as its first president on 26 Januaryand won. He did not have nearly the power that he had as president of Czechoslovakia.

Although he was nominally the new country’s chief executive, the framers of the Constitution of the Czech Republic intended to vest most of the real power in the prime minister. However, owing to his prestige, he still commanded great moral authorityand the presidency acquired a greater role than the framers intended.

Havel’s popularity abroad surpassed his popularity at home, [26] and he was often the object of controversy and criticism. During his time in office, Havel stated that the expulsion of the indigenous Sudeten German population after World War II was immoral, causing a great controversy at home.

He also extended general amnesty as one of his first acts as President, in an attempt to lessen the pressure in overcrowded prisons as well as to release political prisoners and persons who may have been falsely imprisoned during the Communist era. Havel felt that many of the decisions by the previous regime’s courts should not be trusted, and that most of those in prison had not received fair trials.

According to his statement the dissolution was very complicated. The infrastructure created by the Warsaw Pact was part of the economies of all member states, and the Pact’s dissolution necessitated restructuring that took many years to complete. Furthermore, it took time to dismantle the Warsaw Pact’s institutions; for example, it took two years for Soviet troops to fully withdraw from Czechoslovakia.

In DecemberHavel who had been a chain smoker for a long time, was diagnosed with lung cancer. Havel was among those influential politicians who contributed most to the transition of NATO from being an anti- Warsaw Pact alliance to its present form. Havel advocated vigorously for the inclusion of former-Warsaw Pact members, like the Czech Republic, into the Western alliance.

Havel was re-elected president in He had to undergo a colostomy in Innsbruck when his colon ruptured while he was on holiday in Austria.

Margaret Thatcher wrote of the two men in her foreign policy treatise Statecraftreserving the greater respect for Havel. Havel’s dedication to democracy and his steadfast opposition to the Communist ideology earned him admiration. Beginning inHavel asnaace Foruman annual conference to “identify the key issues facing civilisation and to explore ways to prevent the escalation of conflicts that have religion, culture or ethnicity as their primary components”.

Kluge Center of the United States Library xsanace Congresswhere he continued his research on human rights. The stay was sponsored by the Columbia Arts Initiative and featured “performances, and panels centr[ing] on his life and ideas”, including a public “conversation” with former U.

Concurrently, the Untitled Theater Company No. Havel was still admired, even revered, by Czech citizens. The book mixes an interview in the style of Disturbing the Peace with actual memoranda he sent to his staff and modern diary entries and recollections. On 4 AugustHavel met with members of the Belarus Free Theatre at his summer cottage in the Czech Republic in a show of his continuing support, which has been instrumental in the theatre’s attaining international recognition and membership in the European Theatrical Convention.


Havel’s first new play in almost two decades, Leavingwas published in Novemberand was to have had its world premiere in June at the Navel theater Divadlo na Vinohradech[55] but the theater withdrew it in December as it felt it xsanace not provide the technical support needed to mount the play. Havel subsequently directed a film version of the play, which premiered in the Czech Republic on 22 March Havel asaanace the chair of the Human Rights Foundation ‘s International Council and a member of the international advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.

Havel was a supporter of the Campaign for asanxce Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly hvel, an organisation which campaigns for democratic reformation of the United Nations, and the creation of a more accountable international political system.

From until his death, he supported the Czech Green Party. A week before his death, he met with his longtime friend, the Dalai Lamain Prague; [74] Havel appeared in a wheelchair. Havel’s ashes were placed in the family tomb in the Vinohrady Cemetery in Prague.

Within hours Havel’s death was met with numerous tributes, including from Asnaace. At news of his death, former U. He criticized Havel for having supported NATO’s war aasnace the former Yugoslavia, repeating the charge that Havel had called the event a “humanitarian bombing”, [80] even though Havel had expressly and emphatically denied ever having used such a phrase.

InHavel received the Erasmus Prize and inhe received the Gottlieb Duttweiler Prize for his outstanding contributions to the well-being of the wider community. In the same year he received the Freedom medal.

In his acceptance speech, he said: Yet I think it must be anchored in a different place, and in a different way, than has been habel case so far. If it is to be more than just a slogan mocked by half the world, it cannot be expressed in the language of departing era, and it must not be mere froth floating on the subsiding waters of asanaxe in a purely scientific relationship to the world.

Inhe was the third recipient of the Hanno R. Inhe was awarded the International Gandhi Peace Prize by the government of India for his outstanding contribution towards world peace and upholding human rights hqvel most difficult situations through Gandhian means; he was the inaugural recipient of Amnesty International ‘s Ambassador of Conscience Award for his work in promoting human rights; [89] he received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom ; and he was appointed as an honorary Companion of the Order of Canada.

The prize “will celebrate those who engage in creative dissent, exhibiting courage and creativity to challenge injustice and live in truth. It runs educational activities for second-level students.

It is also involved in the issuing of publications. In Julythe European Parliament opened a new building on its official Strasbourg site. The building was named after Havel and decorated with a bust of the former Czech president. A linden, national tree of Czechia, is growing through this hole. These benches can be found in many Czech asannace, as well as in some foreign locations Washington D. Congresscommemorating the 25 year anniversary of the Velvet Revolution.

Václav Havel Asanace

Havel is the fourth European ever to be honored by having a bust of himself in the U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Communist officials stand trial for “Asanace” operation

July Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject’s impact on popular culture, using references to reliable sourcesrather than simply listing appearances. This article needs additional citations for verification. Axanace Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 16 July Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.