The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

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He terms this approach the ARIA model. Conflict process Dispute resolution Sectarian violence. With the military coup in the situation erupted into a major crisis. The resultant disconnection of society and the state can be linked to the colonial legacy, which, “artificially imposed European ideas of territorial statehood onto a multitude of communal groups.

The major conflict began with the independence inwhen Greek community wanted a union enosis with Greece, to which the Turkish community opposed. Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of pdotracted conflicting parties. Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre.

The constitution brought a complex system of power-sharingbut both groups wanted to gain more advantages.

The effect of this stage is termed resonance, as each side has articulated their core concerns and heard the concerns of the other actors. Contemporary Conflict Resolution, Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia’s norms and to be inclusive of all essential details. The division in changed the demographics of Cyprus dramatically, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate.

Groups that seek to satisfy their identity and security needs through conflict are in effect seeking change in the structure of their society. Among the Sinhalese, the anti-Tamil chauvinism started to socixl and the Tamils were more and more disadvantaged and excluded. This creates a “crisis of legitimacy” [9] in the governance of these countries. Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. The needs of the various parties are, in turn, the underlying causes of the conflict.

The term refers edwsrd conflict situations characterized by the prolonged and often violent struggle by communal groups for such basic needs as security, recognition, acceptance, fair access to political institutions, and economic participation.


This involves the “political—economic relations of economic dependency within the international economic system, and the network of political-military linkages constituting regional and global patterns of clientage and cross-border interest.

Protracteed protracted conflict leads one to conclude that peace is development in the broadest sense of the term. Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution.

In contrast to the model of interactive conflict resolution ICR that Fisher proposed inwhich includes identity as one of many human needs, the ARIA model “keeps its focus more narrowly attuned to identity issues in particular. To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar holds responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Azar points to the needs of security, development, political access and identity in terms of cultural and religious expression.

The researcher used the qualitative research approach, through which he was able to find the different facts, opinions, attitudes, and experiences about Rwanda conflicts from different informants in Rwanda through interviews and focus groups discussions. It attempts to break down “the barrier of identity through a four-phased process. The protfacted and final stage of the ARIA edwadr addresses the “why” and “who” of the conflict, as well as the “how” of cooperation through the tangible “what” of solutions.

Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of ;rotracted population initiated instances of protracted social violence. It skcial refers to conflicts described by other researchers as protracted or intractablei. All articles protrracted dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Pdotracted with permanently dead external links Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify.

Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 6— By bringing animosities to the forefront, it is hoped that the mutual benefits of ending the conflict can be realized. To overcome this division of society, national identity must be stressed conflixt individual group identity. They run a parallel government in many areas of the north and east of Sri Lanka.

The war, that has continued since then, has almost completely disrupted civil administration in the northern province and caused economic devastation of the whole country.


Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

The lead section of this article may need to be evward. From the research made, it has been found that Rwanda offers ample evidence to be referred to as a protracted social conflict. Since its independence in there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements.

JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Four preconditions are isolated by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: The communal groups may experience deep-seated cleavages based upon racial, religious, cultural or ethnic lines. Before the independence of Cyprusthe island’s Greek and Turkish communities coexisted relatively peacefully. Journal of Peace Research 38 3— After parties have articulated their animosities, the next edwadd is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined.

Such a need for structural change is likely to result in a violent conflict. Weaker states, like those often involved in protracted social conflict, tend to be more influenced by outside connections both economically and politically.

For example, many states xonflict dependent on protractex external supply of armament.

Protracted social conflict

But again, because of opposing interests all the proposals failed. In the northern part declared Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, which declared independence in as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprusrecognized only by Turkey. When a group’s identity is threatened or frustrated, intractable conflict is almost inevitable.

The ARIA model is a comprehensive, yet specific approach to resolving protracted social conflict. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Protracted social conflict is a theory developed by Edward Azar. Retrieved from ” https: Their tactics, proscribed as terrorist by many countries, are ruthless, brutal and highly efficient in eliminating their opposition.

In s the southern Republic of Cyprus applied for a membership in the European Unionand the Turkish Cypriots on the other side turned to Turkey.

At this point, actors begin to see where their identities converge, and where they diverge. But hostilities continued and even intensified.