Petua menangani kanak-kanak hiperaktif (ADHD) Posted on March 4, by sitik. Anak adalah anugerah dan amanah Allah SWT kepada ibu. mendidik-anak-hiperaktifxjpg Sep 8k [IMG] . 20k [IMG] cara-menghitung-yang-dipahami-anakxjpg Sep 12k [IMG] . Namun, jika Anda beruntung dan bayi Anda adalah salah satu individu dengan konstruksi tata bahasa dan kalimat dengan cara yang orang dewasa pelajari bahasa Anak-anak yang menderita hiperaktif sebagai suatu kondisi, cenderung.
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Namun, tidak semua anak yang dilahirkan normal dan tidak memberi masalah kepada ibu bapa mereka. Ini semua adalah qadha dan qadar yang telah ditentukan, yang mana secara langsung dan tidak langsung menjadi suatu ujian kepada kedua ibu bapa. Kata orang, tidak ada penyakit yang tidak ada ubatnya kecuali tua dan mati, cuma ibu bapa perlulah mengetahui apakah masalah dan penyakit yang dihidapi oleh anak-anak mereka supaya mudah dicari ubatnya.
Disebabkan keadaan persekitaran dan juga pemakanan sekarang ini, banyak kanak-kanak yang menjadi hiperaktif dan agresif. Perilaku hiperaktif ini bukannya perilaku normal kanak-kanak tetapi ia merupakan suatu penyakit yang perlu ditangani dan diubati. Perilaku hiperaktif ini dikenali sebagai Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD di mana kanak-kanak ini tersangat aktif dan lasak, ia mendidjk memahami dan berfikir tetapi sukar memberi tumpuan atau perhatian.
Hiperaktuf menyebabkan kanak-kanak hiperaktif ini sukar bergaul dalam masyarakat dan lemah dari segi akademiknya. Di antara punca penyebab anak hiperaktif ialah ibu yang merokok semasa hamil, faktor genetik, kelahiran pramatang prematuremengalami kecederaan otak semasa dalam kandungan, dsb.
Di antara hipeaktif hiperaktif yang mudah dikenalpasti ialah kanak-kanak bersikap degil, lasak anqk tidak tahu duduk diam, suka membantah, suka melanggar peraturan, leka dan sukar memberi tumpuan terutama dalam pelajaransering tidak berpuas hati, mudah rasa tertekan, bermasalah dalam pelajaran dan hubungan sosial dengan kawan-kawan, sering berpeluh dan mengalami sakit perut atau cirit birit.
Masalah perilaku hiperaktif di peringkat kanak-kanak ini jika tidak diubati atau ditangani dengan sewajarnya, mungkin penyakit ini akan berterusan hingga dewasa. Kanak-kanak hiperaktif ini selalunya melakukan sesuatu tanpa memikirkan orang lain di sekelilingnya, cuma ikut hatinya sahaja dan suka bermain bersendirian.
Perilaku hiperaktif ini fara dirawati atau ditangani dengan pengurusan emosi yang berkesan, seperti tidak meninggalkannya bersendirian bergaul dengan kanak-kanak yang lebih muda kerana ditakuti dia akan menyakiti atau mencederakan mereka, jauhkan benda-benda yang tajam dan merbahaya supaya dia tidak mencederakan dirinya meneidik, perlu ditegur dan dididik serta didisplinkannya, jangan bercakap dan berlaku kasar di hadapannya kerana selalunya dia akan mengikut apa yang ibu bapa lakukan, perlukan perhatian dan tunjukkan kasih sayang yang lebih, dan jangan merendah-rendahkan dirinya di depan orang sehingga dia terasa tidak disayangi kerana ini kan memburukkan lagi keadaannya.
Petua menjaga dan merawat kanak-kanak hiperaktif diperincikan dalam artikel di bawah ini untuk dijadikan perhatian panduan kepada ibu bapa yang mempunyai anak hiperaktif…. The three key symptoms of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Many children with ADHD will have symptoms that persist into adulthood.
Effective treatments for ADHD include both medications and behavioral therapies. Not surprisingly, parenting a child with ADHD can pose special challenges. Many of the symptoms of ADHD are also hhiperaktif seen during normal childhood and development, and exhibiting one or more of the symptoms does not mean that a child has ADHD. If a formal evaluation is indicated, this evaluation will involve professionals from various disciplines to provide a comprehensive medical, developmental, educational, and psychosocial evaluation.
Many famous, accomplished, and indeed brilliant people of the past and present have ADHD. Another benefit to thinking positively about your child with ADHD is its infectious nature.
Define Schedules and Routines Clearly defined schedules and routines are essential mendiidk children as well as for teens and adults with ADHD. Having an established, while not hipedaktif, pattern for getting ready in the mornings, preparing for bedtime, and managing after-school homework and activities provides a sense of consistency and allows the child to know what to expect. It can be helpful for older children to have plenty of conspicuous clocks to use as cues for time management.
Some parents find that the use of timers for homework time, time to finish up play, etc. To make the process more huperaktif or easier to remember, charts and checklists can be used that list the steps or tasks required for each time of day. Set Clear Rules and Expectations As with clearly defined schedules, attainable, clearly defined rules and expectations are also essential for kids with ADHD.
In both school and at home, children with ADHD need a consistent and clearly defined set of rules. It can be helpful to create a list of rules for the home and post them in anai place where the child can easily see them. It can be helpful to have your child repeat the instructions back to you. Breaking down instructions for larger tasks into simple steps can also be helpful.
15 Cara Mendidik Anak Usia 5 Tahun Yang Wajib Anda Lakukan
Discipline, Rewards, and Consequences Children with ADHD respond very well to a defined and predictable system of rewards and consequences to manage behavior and discipline.
Reward positive behaviors with praise or with small rewards that cost little or no money, such as special time with a parent or participating in an outing or favorite activity. Focus on praise or privileges as rewards rather than offering foods or toys as prizes.
Likewise, consequences for negative behaviors should be fair, appropriate, consistent, predictable, and swiftly implemented and completed. Consequences ideally should be explained in advance and should occur immediately following the negative behavior. Delayed consequences such as not participating in an event or outing in the following week are not as effective as immediate consequences. Consequences can include time-outs, removal from the situation or setting, or restriction of privileges.
It is very important that the consequence occur after every instance of negative behavior. Use Time-Out Effectively Particularly for younger children, time-outs can be an effective consequence for negative behaviors that serve the additional purpose of removing the child from an overstimulating or stressful environment.
A time-out is also an immediate consequence that is likely to be more effective than a delayed consequence. Longer than that may be too difficult for the child to complete, leading him or her to be more likely to defy doing the time-out at all. Ignore Within Reason In some situations, ignoring an undesired behavior may be an effective behavior-modification technique for children with ADHD. Obviously, behavior that is risky or injurious to the child or to others cannot be ignored, but behaviors such as whining, nagging, and arguing sometimes can be ignored until the behaviors stop.
Many children with ADHD crave attention from others, even if it is negative attention in the form of yelling, shouting, or scolding. Refusing to provide any attention to the child who is behaving inappropriately can be effective if done consistently.
For the child who gets increasingly loud or disruptive escalates when ignored, another way to respond may involve calmly and quietly telling the child that when they are calm and quiet the conversation can resume. Develop Organizational Aids Children with ADHD have poor executive functioning skills, which means, among other difficulties, that they have trouble organizing their belongings and tasks.
Some parents in cooperation with teachers have found it helpful to provide color-coded binders and notebooks for each school subject, as well as a homework sheet in the front of the binder that lists homework for each school day.
Others may find that purchasing a second set of textbooks for the home is useful for the child who frequently forgets to bring the proper materials home.
Eliminate Distractions While this sounds obvious, many home environments are simply chaotic and full of distractions for the child with ADHD. Be sure that your child has plenty of quiet time and space to complete homework and other tasks. A homework space that is free of mendidlk distractions like television and video games, and is not located in rooms in the home where most people congregate is key to successful completion of assignments.
Just like no one would expect you or anyone else to go from never running hiperaktig all to completing plus miles, it is mendidk and unrealistic to expect your child to change 15, or 10, or even five behaviors immediately. If your goal is to have hipearktif child sit still politely through a restaurant meal or family outing, break the process down into small and attainable goals like not interrupting a conversation for five minutes, remaining seated for 10 minutes, etc. Be sure to offer plenty of praise and rewards when these small goals are met.
Examples might be interrupting, not remaining seated, forgetting to put toys mendidok, or arguing about bedtime. Whichever behaviors you choose to modify, understand the behavior changes must be gradual to be successful over time. Find Areas in Which the Child Excels or Succeeds No one enjoys being subjected to constant criticism or complaints about their behavior.
15 Cara Mendidik Anak Usia 5 Tahun Yang Wajib Anda Lakukan –
As every individual needs to feel good at something, constant criticizing can result in the child unwittingly working more at perfecting negative behaviors they get attention for rather than the positive behaviors if he or she is not praised. Help your child find an area or interest in which he or she is successful.
This can be a sport, musical instrument, academic subject, art form, or other hobby. Let their interests and enthusiasm be your guide. Promote a Healthy Lifestyle — Nutrition A healthy lifestyle will help not only your child but the entire family to preserve both physical and emotional health.
Sometimes older children with ADHD are so distracted and disorganized that they may skip meals or eat irregularly. Decreased appetite can be a side effect of some medications that treat ADHD. Try to ensure that your child is eating regularly, and small meals every few hours may be most effective for some children with ADHD. While allowing your child to enjoy childhood by allowing for an occasional treat, it is important to teach your child to make good food choices by modeling these choices yourself.
Encouraging your child to participate in organized sports after school can provide both regular exercise and the benefits of a regular and predictable mensidik. Many children with ADHD do well in martial arts or yoga classes that emphasize mental as well as physical control over their bodies. Promote a Healthy Lifestyle — Sleep Sleep is the final factor in ensuring a healthy lifestyle for your child and family on a daily basis. Falling asleep can be difficult for children with ADHD who may be overstimulated and have an increased activity level.
You can use a checklist or timer if you like to help your child make the transition to bedtime. Show Your Unconditional Love Be sure your child is aware of your unconditional love and support, no matter how he or she behaves.
Withdrawal of love or affection is never an appropriate consequence for undesired behavior. In addition to the joy of accomplishment, parenting a child with ADHD can bring on a variety of upsetting emotions, including embarrassment, anger, anxiety, mendudik, and frustration. In fact, you may feel any or all of these on a given day. Take time off from parenting to spend time on activities you enjoy or even spend time alone in order to recharge yourself.
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