Fulltext – Ascochyta blight (Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Lab.) of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): Breeding Strategies for Resistance. Ascochyta blight, a fungal disease caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labrousse , is the major constraint for chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Ascochyta blight caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labr. is one of the major disease of chickpea worldwide. Since there is report of variable number of races .
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Chemical controls are essential for Ascochyta blight in most years, but are most effective when integrated with sound cultural control practices.
Under moist conditions, mature pycnidia swell and the conidia ooze out. Severe epidemics of ascochyta blight have occurred many times in various production regions, often on cultivars previously thought to be resistant. Complete resistance to Ascochyta blight has not been found in chickpea. Several factors that contribute to resistance against A. Disease Resistance in Chickpea, Singh, K.
Flandez- Galvez et al. Pycnidia can be found within the lesions are generally black in color. Development of SCAR markers associated to resistance. Isolation, genetic mapping and association with a Fusarium resistance gene cluster.
Views Read Edit View history. Among the wild species of CicerC. High humidity and temperature promote sporulation.
Further, large insert BAC libraries of any crop are useful for positional cloning and identification of important genes Rajesh et al. More Spanish version Dr. It is important to note, however, that complete resistance to A.
Diallel mating designs have been attempted in chickpea to obtain segregants giving high yields and resistance to diseases. Mapping quantitative trait loci in chickpea associated with time to flowering and resistance to Didymella rabiei the causal agent of Ascochyta blight. The chief constraints to chickpea production are biotic stresses such as Ascochyta blight Ascochyta rabieiFusarium wilt Fusarium oxysporum f. American Phytopathological Society Press, St. Didymella rabiei growing on chickpea.
Under favorable conditions, which are mostly cool and cloudy with higher humidity, the epidemic of AB may lead to complete yield loss Nene, ; Chongo et al. Breeding Strategies for Resistance H. A chemical analysis of aquafaba indicated that asdochyta number of proteins in a particularly well-performing batch were found to be versions from D.
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Register new name species, genus, family, etc Register new xscochyta specimen of existing taxa epitype, neotype, etc. As the scale used for disease evaluation to blight scale; Singh and Saxena, ; Reddy and Singh, is subjective particularly for intermediate values, a bias may be introduced by the researcher that may also affect the accuracy of tagging blight-resistant genes with markers.
Integrated genetic rabeii for LGs 2, 4 and 6, most agreed linkage groups for QTLs conferring ascochyta blight resistance in chickpea. Nene and Reddy found five pathogenic groups and several strains, respectively, among isolates from Pakistan and Turkey.
KapoorPhoma rabiei Pass. Nene reported that there were about 41 pathogens infesting chickpea, which included 33 fungi, 7 viruses and 1 bacterium. The symptoms of infection and disease severity follow a quantitative continuum ascocjyta on aggressiveness of the pathogen, genetic resistance present in the cultivar and age of the plant. Marker assisted selection can be applied effectively using DNA markers linked to resistance genes for accelerating disease resistance breeding programs.
Later, they develop a brown margin with a white center and split longitudinally. Pesticides must be applied legally complying with all label directions and precautions on the pesticide container and any supplemental labeling and rules of state and federal rablei regulatory agencies. The lower and upper temperature limits for infection by A. It is replaced each time there is a query done.
The genetics of resistance to ascochyta blight has been extensively analysed because the disease is of great rxbiei and economic importance. Replicated phenotypic measurements or the use of clones via cuttings can be used to improve the accuracy of QTL mapping by reducing background noise Haley and Anderson, ; Aryamanesh et al. Life cycle of ascochyta blight of chickpea. Fungal plant pathogens and diseases Fungi described in Leaf diseases Pulse crop diseases.
Among the abiotic stresses, drought is almost ubiquitous to major chickpea rwbiei regions and is exacerbated by heat stress in warmer Mediterranean and summer dominant rainfall areas Berger and Turner, However, to the best of our knowledge there are no reports available so far for the successful introgression of these genes in C.
Google cookies and technologies Google Analytics: Ascochyta rabiei form typical appressoria associated with stomatal penetration Illarslan and Dolar, The support and encouragement of colleagues at the University of Tehran, Faculty of agriculture is gratefully acknowledged.
Retrieved from ” https: This page was last edited on 13 Julyat Reduced irrigation prevents the spread of conidia from infected leaves to healthy leaves by decreasing dispersal of conidia. Findings of different researches suggest that wild Cicer species are needed to create mapping populations even though they do not possess resistant genes Cobos et al. Superiority of winter sowing over traditional spring sowing of chickpea in the mediterranean region.
Winter sowing expands the vegetative growth period and improves the seed yield up to 2 t ha -1 Singh and Reddy, ; Singh et al.
Based on genetic relationships, crossability and fertility of hybrids in interspecific crosses, Ladizinsky and Adler eabiei divided nine annual species of Cicer into four groups Table 1.